Pura Luhur Uluwatu
Pura Luhur Uluwatu is located in Pecatu Village district of Kuta, Badung. Pura Luhur Uluwatu in Bali is located in the southwest as a temple to worship God as Batara Rudra. The position Uluwatu face to face with Andakasa Pura, Pura Batur and Besakih. So that a lot of Hindus believes that the Pura Luhur Uluwatu can be used as a media for asking and begging the gifts of life on earth.
Therefore, in Uluwatu is focused Wisesa power or spiritual power of the three gods; Brahma emanates from Andakasa Pura, Wisnu from Pura Batur and Shiva of Besakih. Three Wisesa powers that are needed in this life. The dynamics of life will achieve its success if Utpati, Stithi and Pralina are true, accurate and balanced.
According Lontar (ancient library) Kusuma Dewa, this temple was founded at the instigation of Mpu Kuturan around the 11th century. The temple is one of the six temple of Sad Kahyangan mentioned in Lontar Kusuma Dewa. There are six temple called Pura Sad Kahyangan namely the Pura Besakih , Pura Luhur Lempuhyang, Pura Goa Lawah, Pura Luhur Uluwatu, Pura Luhur Batukaru and Pusering Jagat Pura.
Since there are many palm mention Sad Kahyangan, then in 1979-1980, Hindu Dharma Institute (now Unhi) on the assignment of the Hindu Association Centre held in-depth study. Finally concluded that Pura Sad Kahyangan by Lontar Kusuma Dewa, sixth temple that is set. Lontar was created in 1005 BC or the Saka year 927, it’s based on the entrance of Uluwatu Temple second gate, Paduraksa.
The same temple entrance like Paduraksa of Uluwatu is found at Serangan Island, Sakenan Temple, in Badung regency. The temple Pura Sakenan contained in the form of Rishi Chandra Sangkala Apit Lawang with two priests were on either sideof the entrance. It shows the number of years that is 927 Saka, apparently year mentioned in Lontar Kusuma Dewa very precise.
In Lontar Padma Bhuwana also mentioned about establishment of the Pura Uluwatu Padma Bhuwana by Mpu Kuturan the 11th century. Candi like at Uluwatu are also found in Lamongan, East Java. Pura Luhur Uluwatu serves as a place of worship of Lord Shiva Rudra and is located in the southwest of the island of Bali. Pura Luhur Uluwatu is established based on the conception Sad Vinayaka and Padma Bhuwana.
As the temple was established with the conception of Vinayaka Sad, Pura Luhur Uluwatu Temple as one of Kahyangan to preserve Sad Kertih (Atma Kerti, Segara Kerti, Danu Kerti, Wana Kerti, Jagat and Jana Kerti). Meanwhile, as the temple was established by Conceptions Padma Bhuwana, Pura Luhur Uluwatu was established as an aspect of God which controls the southwest. For Shiva Rudra is the worship of God in giving energy to his creation.
Ida Pedanda Rauh Punyatmaja Pidada had several times served as Chairman of the Hindu Association Center said that at Uluwatu radiates spiritual energy of three gods. The three holy power Dewa of Tri Murti (Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva) fused in Uluwatu.
One characteristic of an ideal life according to the Hindu view is created everything that should be created. Maintaining something that should be maintained and eliminate something that should be eliminated. Creating, maintaining and eliminating something that is worth is not easy. Various obstacles will always confront.
In the face of many difficulties that people desperately need moral strength and endurance mentally tough. To obtain sublime moral and mental endurance is that one way to worship God with three manifestations. To foster creativity creative worship God in its manifestation as Brahma.
To have the resolve preserve something that should be maintained in its manifestation as an idol of Lord Vishnu. To get the power to eliminate something that should be eliminated in its manifestation as the idol of Lord Shiva. The third manifestation of spiritual energy of God was united in Rudra Shiva worshiped in the Pura Luhur Uluwatu.
Pura Luhur Uluwatu temple is classified as universal Kahyangan. In Pura Luhur Uluwatu it is Batara Rudra that is worshiped in Meru three tiers. On the right side of Jaba Pura Luhur Uluwatu is Pura Dalem Jurit as the development of Uluwatu at the time of arrival Dang Hyang Dwijendra in the 16th century AD.
At Pura Dalem Jurit there are three statues of Brahma, Ratu Bagus Dalem Jurit and Vishnu. Ratu Bagus Dalem Jurit is actually taking the form of Lord Shiva Rudra Puja Murti. Adoration of Tri Murti energy by means of a legacy system statue worship of God by means of sculpture developed with system Pelinggih. Because when he came to the Pura Dalem Jurit cult system in Pura Luhur Uluwatu is very simple because the thought of the people is still modest at the time.